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终于发现常用英语口语表达句型

日期:2019-11-09 10:35:47     浏览:3    
核心提示:练习英语口语是一个漫长的过程,我们不仅要有恒心和毅力,其中最重要的是一定要选对练习英语口语的材料。今天给大家分享了常用英语口语表达句型,赶紧来看看吧!  常用英语口语表达句型 定语从句句型 ①(名词或代词)isthekindof(perso

练习英语口语是一个漫长的过程,我们不仅要有恒心和毅力,其中最重要的是一定要选对练习英语口语的材料。今天给大家分享了常用英语口语表达句型,赶紧来看看吧!  

常用英语口语表达句型

 

常用英语口语表达句型  

定语从句句型  

① (名词或代词) is the kind of (person/place/thing…) who (which/that) is…  

② (名词或代词) is a (person/ place…) who (which) gives you the impression of being…  

③ (名词或代词)is one of the most (形容词) (名词) I have ever seen/met/known.  

④ (地点名称) is a place where you can do sth.  

⑤ (时间名词) is a day (occasion/the time) when you do sth.  

名词性从句句型  

① The reason why I (admire him/like the place…) is that +从句  

② The most important thing is that+从句  

③ Another thing is that+从句  

④ What I mean is that + 从句  

⑤ What I’d like to say is that +从句  

以上名词性从句①到③是引出个人观点或信息时的过渡句型,在口语表达中可以起到建构框架,使条理清晰层次分明的作用。而④和⑤则是用于进一步解释说明。  

举个例子:  

The reason why I admire Yaoming is that he is a legend and also a great guy. The most important thing is that he is one of China’s most recognizable athletes. What I mean is, his image can be seen everywhere, he is a household name. Another thing is that Yao has also participated in many charity events during his career. What I’d like to say is that he not only donated money to relief work, but also created a foundation to help those in need.  

状语从句句型  

① I first got to know him/it when + 从句(过去式)  

② (名词或代词) have (动词过去分词) since +从句(过去式)  

③ If I had the chance, I would like to…  

④ If …, then it is quite possible that I will…  

以上句型只需稍加变动,便可应用于多种话题。句型之间的有机组合还可成为集合,碰到没话说的时候十分顶用。  

举个例子:  

句型①  

I first got to know him when I was studying in primary school. (人物题通用)  

I first read the story/saw the programme when I was visiting my grandparents three years ago. (物品题通用)  

I first learned how to skate/play basketball when I was in high school. (兴趣爱好题通用)  

句型②  

We have lost contact since he moved out of town.  

I have stopped watching the programme since I entered the university where TV was not available.  

I have been practicing basketball on a regular basis ever since I knew how to play it.  

句型③  

是虚拟语气,表达一种设想。当问题为would you like to…时,建议使用该句型。另外,还可以在无话可说时用来应急。  

If I had the chance, I would like to travel to California and visit my best friend who I haven’t seen for ages.  

If I had the chance, I would like to ask Yaoming to autograph my basketball.  

句型④  

是在分情况讨论问题时必备句型,也是丰富回答内容的经典招数。  

Q: What do you usually do at weekends?  

A: Well, it’s hard to say. I mean, if I am with friends, then it’s quite possible that we will go window shopping or traveling around. But if I am alone, it’s more likely that I will just stay at home and do some washing and cleaning.  

当然,以上两种情境还可以变换成多种可能,可以按天气状况分为If it is good weather, 和If it is bad weather; 按时间多少分为If I’ve got a lot of time,和If I am fairly busy等。  

 

常见的英语口语句型  

1.May I…?  

我可以……吗?  

常用句子:May I come in?  

我可以进来吗?  

May I help you?  

您需要帮忙吗?  

May I ask you a question?  

我可以问你一个问题吗?  

搭配:接动词原型。  

例句:May I speak to Vincent?  

请问文森在吗?  

May I use your telephone?  

我可以借用你的电话吗?  

May I have a seat?  

我可以坐下吗?  

功能: 用这些话显得很有教养。  

2. Can you …?  

你能……吗?  

常用句子:Can you help me?  

你能帮帮我吗?  

Can you do me a favor?  

你能帮我个忙吗?  

Can you please tell me where is the bus stop?  

你能告诉我公共汽车站怎么走吗?  

搭配:接动词原型。  

例句:Can you please shut the door?  

你能把门关上吗?  

Can you translate the sentence into Chinese for me?  

你能帮我把这个句子翻译成中文吗?  

Can you lend me some money?  

你能借我点钱吗?  

功能:用于比较熟悉的人之间,会让对方感觉亲切。如果想再客  

气一点,可以把can换成could。  

3. I’d like to …  

我想……  

常用句子:I’d like to have a self-introduction.  

我想作个自我介绍。  

I’d like to talk about the matter.  

我想谈谈那件事。  

I’d like to have a cup of tea.  

我想喝杯茶。  

搭配:加动词原型。  

例句:I’d like to book a double-room.  

我想订一间双人房。  

I’d like to change the topic.  

我想换个话题。  

I’d like to have my car repaired.  

我想请人帮我把汽车修好。  

功能:用于表达意愿或建议,任何时候都显得语言得体。  

4. Would you please…  

请你……好吗?  

常用句子:Would you please lower your voice?  

请你小声点好吗?  

Would you please give me a hand?  

请你帮我个忙好吗?  

Would you please finish the work first?  

请你先把工作做完好吗?  

搭配:加动词原型。  

例句:Would you please tell me the truth?  

请你告诉我真相好吗?  

Would you please keep the secret for me?  

请你帮我保守秘密好吗?  

Would you please explain a little more clearly?  

请你把事情解释清楚点好吗?  

功能:用于向别人提出请求,十分礼貌。  

5. It is my great honor to …  

我很荣幸……  

常用句子:It is my great honor to speak to you today.  

我很荣幸今天能在这说几句。  

It is my great honor to be your friend.  

我很荣幸成为你的朋友。  

It is my great honor to introduce our new chairman.  

我很荣幸地为大家介绍我们的新会长。  

搭配:接动词(词组)原型。  

例句:It is my great honor to have the opportunity to cooperate with you.  

我很荣幸能有机会和你们合作。  

It is my great honor to have you in my life.  

我很荣幸今生有你相伴。  

It is my great honor to be here on so special an occasion.  

我很荣幸在这个特别的时刻来到这里。  

功能:最常用于演讲开始的时候,是比较谦虚的说法。也用于  

与新认识的工作搭档或朋友之间的寒暄。这个句型也可以说成  

“I am honored to…”  

6. How about …?  

……怎么样?  

常用句子:How about going out for a walk?  

到外面散散步怎么样?  

How about a cup of coffee?  

来杯咖啡怎么样?  

How about parking here?  

把车停这怎么样?  

搭配:接名词或动名词。  

例句:How about trying the suit?  

试试这套衣服怎么样?  

How about a trip to Xinjiang?  

去新疆旅游怎么样?  

How about taking a group photo?  

拍张合影怎么样?  

功能:简单的句型,却可以应付许多需要提问的场面。  

7. I think…  

我认为……  

常用句子:I think it is impossible.  

我认为这是不可能的。  

I think that could be helpful.  

我想那或许会有所帮助。  

I think you are right.  

我想你是对的。  

搭配:接宾语从句,that可以省略。  

例句:I think that is unfair to me.  

我认为那对我来说不公平。  

I think his suggestion is perfect.  

我认为他的建议很好。  

I think you should study English well before going abroad.  

我认为你在出国之前应该先把英语学好。  

功能:在向别人陈述自己观点的时候,用这种语气会让人听起来  

觉得比较自然、容易接受。  

8. I sincerely hope…  

我衷心地希望……  

常用句子:I sincerely hope you can be together all life long.  

我衷心地希望你们能白头偕老。  

I sincerely hope you can have a wonderful night.  

我衷心地希望你们今晚能玩得开心。  

搭配:接宾语从句,that可以省略。  

例句:I sincerely hope you can have a brighter future.  

我衷心地希望你有更光明的前途。  

I sincerely hope your grandma will get well soon.  

我衷心地希望你奶奶能早日康复。  

I sincerely hope that you can realize your dreams some day.  

我衷心地希望有一天你能实现自己的梦想。  

功能:较多地用于演讲时。也可用于一般的交流,显得祝福十分真诚。  

9. Could I possibly ask you to…  

能麻烦你……吗?  

常用句子:Could I possibly ask you to carry the luggage for me?  

能麻烦你帮我提一下行李吗?  

Could I possibly ask you to take a picture for me?  

能麻烦你帮我照张相吗?  

Could I possibly ask you to water the flowers for me?  

能麻烦你帮我浇一下花吗?  

搭配:接动词原型。  

例句:Could I possibly ask you to mail the letter?  

能麻烦你帮我把这封信寄出去吗?  

Could I possibly ask you to meet my brother at the railway station?  

能麻烦你到火车站接我哥哥吗?  

Could I possibly ask you to give me a ride?  

能麻烦你送我一程吗?  

功能:这个句式比“Can I…”听起来要更礼貌一些。  

10. I’m afraid…  

我恐怕……  

常用句子:I’m afraid I have to go now.  

我恐怕得走了。  

I’m afraid I cannot help you.  

我恐怕帮不上你的忙。  

搭配:接宾语从句,that可以省略。  

例句:I’m afraid we do not have enough money to buy a new car.  

我们恐怕没有足够的钱买一辆新车。  

I’m afraid I can’t agree with you.  

我恐怕不能同意你的意见。  

I’m afraid you will have to cancel the plan.  

恐怕你得取消计划。  

功能:用这个句型,即使是在拒绝别人的时候,也会让对方感觉  

舒服一些。  

Chapter two第二章祈使句、感叹句、特殊疑问句、祈使句  

11. Be…  

要……  

常用句子:Be a man!  

要有男子汉气概!  

Be careful!  

要小心一点!  

Be sure to forget it!  

千万不要放在心上。  

Be my guest!  

别客气!  

Be quiet!  

安静!  

Be yourself!  

自然一些。  

搭配:可以接形容词,也可以接名词。  

功能:这是祈使句的一种常见形式,表示提醒、警告等意思。如果想客气一些地表达你的意思,可以在前面加一个please。  

12. Don’t …  

不要……  

常用句子:Don’t worry!  

别担心!  

Don’t move!  

别动!  

Don’t be lazy!  

别偷懒!  

搭配:接动词。  

例句:Don’t stand here.  

别在这站着!  

Don’t intrude your own views upon others.  

不要把你自己的意见强加给别人!  

Don’t be foolish.  

别傻了!  

功能:这是最常见的祈使句的否定形式,用于提醒、警告别人不  

要做什么事。如果要表达相反意思,即强调别人一定要做什么事  

的时候,可以用“Do…”的句式。  

13. Let’s not…  

我们不要……  

常用句子:Let’s not waste time.  

我们不要浪费时间了。  

Let’s not make the same mistake.  

我们不要再犯同样的错误了。  

Let’s not risk it in that way.  

我们不要那样冒险了。  

搭配:接动词原型。  

例句:Let’s not take the lift as the lift may become trapped between floors.  

咱们还是别乘电梯,因为电梯可能会困在两层楼之间。  

Let’s not let mother down.  

我们不要让妈妈失望。  

Let’s not make a big deal out of this.  

我们不要小题大做了。  

功能:对别人的做法提出建议。也可以单独使用,表示“不行”  

的意思。  

感叹句  

14. What a(n)…!  

多……啊!  

常用句子:What a nice girl!  

多好的一个女孩啊!  

What a sunny day!  

多好的天气啊!  

What an enthusiastic welcome we received!  

我们受到了多么热情的欢迎啊!  

搭配:这个句型的结构是:“What+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词”,  

也可以是“What+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+(主语+谓语)”。  

例句:What a good couple they are!  

多好的一对夫妻啊!  

What a good idea!  

多好的一个主意啊!  

功能:很简单的一个感叹句型,可以在许多场合充分地表达出感情色彩。不过要注意,句子中的名词必须是可数名词的单数形式。  

15. How…!  

太……了!  

常用句子:How smart you are!  

你太聪明了!  

How happy I am to meet you here!  

在这里碰到你太高兴了!  

How interesting the film is!  

电影有趣极了。  

搭配:这个句型的结构是:How+形容词+(名词+动词)  

例句:How bright the moon is!  

好明亮的月亮啊!  

How beautiful the girl is!  

那女孩太漂亮了!  

功能:与上一个句型的功能相近,表达十分强烈的感情。  

常用英语口语句型  

1. I’m an office worker. 我是上班族。  

2. I work for the government. 我在政府机关做事。  

3. I’m happy to meet you. 很高兴见到你。  

4. I like your sense of humour. 我喜欢你的幽默感。  

5. I’m glad to see you again. 很高兴再次见到你。  

6. I’ll call you. 我会打电话给你。  

7. I feel like sleeping/ taking a walk. 我想睡/散步。  

8. I want something to eat. 我想吃点东西。  

9. I need your help. 我需要你的帮助。  

10. I would like to talk to you for a minute. 我想和你谈一下。  

11. I have a lot of problems. 我有很多问题。  

12. I hope our dreams come true. 我希望我们的梦想成真。  

13. I’m looking forward to seeing you. 我期望见到你。  

14. I’m supposed to go on a diet / get a raise. 我应该节食/涨工资。  

15. I heard that you’re getting married. Congratulations.听说你要结婚了,恭喜!  

16. I see what your mean. 我了解你的意思。  

17. I can’t do this. 我不能这么做。  

18. Let me explain why I was late. 让我解释迟到的理由。  

19. Let’s have a beer or something. 咱们喝点啤酒什么的。  

20. Where is your office? 你们的办公室在哪?  

21. What is your plan? 你的计划是什么?  

22. When is the store closing? 这家店什么时候结束营业?  

23. Are you sure you can come by at nine? 你肯定你九点能来吗?  

24. Am I allowed to stay out past 10? 我可以十点过后再回家吗?  

25. The meeting was scheduled for two hours, but it is now over yet. 会议原定了两个小时,不过现在还没有结束。  

26. Tom’s birthday is this week. 汤姆的生日就在这个星期。  

27. Would you care to see it/ sit down for a while? 你要不要看/坐一会呢?  

28. Can you cover for me on Friday/help me/ tell me how to get there? 星期五能不能请你替我个班/你能帮我吗/你能告诉我到那里怎么走吗?  

29. Could you do me a big favor? 能否请你帮我个忙?  

30. He is crazy about Crazy English. 他对疯狂英语很着迷。  

 
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